Civil aircraft
Superjet 100
Military aircraft
Transport aircraft
Strategic and special purpose aircraft


Development: Sukhoi Design Bureau
Maiden flight: 13 April 1990
The design phase: 19 June 1986

The Su-32 plane is a special-purpose version of the Su-27; its production is being set up in Novosibirsk.

The two-seat Su-32 fighter-bomber is designed for tactical deployment against air, ground and naval targets (including small and mobile targets) on solo and group missions in daytime and at night, under favourable and adverse weather conditions and in a hostile environment with counter-fire and EW counter-measures deployed, as well as for air reconnaissance.

The design of a dual-cockpit strike version of the Su-27 had been considered by the Design Bureau since the early 1980s, and the airplane was initially treated as a version of the dual-cockpit Su-27UB. Work to create a two-seat fighter-bomber was officially mandated by the government to start on June 19, 1986; the airplane was given the factory designation T-10V.

A conceptual design review was successfully completed in May 1988. Along with a conventional cockpit arrangement such as in the Su-27UB, with a tandem arrangement of pilots, an alternative in-line arrangement was presented for the first time in this version. That option was selected as the main arrangement. The arrangement afforded more comfort for the crew: as the cockpit height behind the seat allowed the pilot to stand straight, crew members were able to get on board using an integral ladder via the nose landing-gear bay and access door in the cockpit aft door.

Main highlights of the fighter-bomber are: 
- High payload and wide range of guided air-launched weapons; 
- High transport capabilities implemented through the reinforced airframe structure and landing gear and extended fuel capacity;
- Flight refueling system;
- Enhanced tolerance to battle damage (armor for the crew compartment and vital systems and increased intrinsic explosion safety due to the specific design of fuel tanks and polyurethane foam filling); 
- Powerful airborne avionics, including a multi-function radar station with a phased antenna array, a built-in infrared search-and-track station, and an array of ECM devices; 
- Modern cockpit display system including multifunction displays with bezel buttons.

R. Martirosov was appointed as the 10V’s project coordinator and detailed design engineering was completed in 1987-1988. The first test airplane, the T10V-1, was built at the Design Bureau’s pilot production site based on the production airplane Su-27UB in 1989-1990. The first flight was operated by A. Ivanov, the Design Bureau’s test pilot, on April 13, 1990. Production of the airplane was launched at the Novosibirsk Aviation Production Association (NAPO) named after V. Chkalov, where the Su-24 family of airplanes had been produced. The first pre-production prototype was completed in late 1993; its first flight was operated on December 18, 1993, by Design Bureau test pilots I. Votintsev and E. Revunov. In June 1995, the airplane was demonstrated for the first time abroad at Le Bourget Air Show under the designation Su-32. The Su-32 set 7 lifting-capacity world records in the summer of 1999.


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