Tupolev Tu-160 is a strategic missile carrier and bomber. This aircraft with variable wing geometry is the largest supersonic aircraft in the history of military aviation and the heaviest combat aircraft in the world. It has the largest maximum takeoff weight among bombers. The aircraft received the unofficial name “White Swan” for its power and grace.
This aircraft is an intercontinental strategic multi-modal missile-launching aircraft armed with long-range cruise missiles. The Design Bureau started working on this project in the early 1970s. The design concept for the airplane and its systems was developed by the mid-1970s. The first flight of the test airplane was operated on December 18, 1981, by test pilot B. Veremey. Tests of the first production airplane started in October 1984. Initially, Tu-160s were received by an active long-range aviation unit based in the Ukrainian Republic of the USSR in April 1987. In total, 36 Tu-160 airplanes had been produced by the early 2000s.
Work on the subject of an intercontinental strategic multi-mode missile-carrying aircraft armed with long-range cruise missiles began at the Tupolev Design Bureau in the early 1970s.
The first flight of an experimental aircraft was carried out in 1981 by test pilot B.I. Veremey. In 1984, tests of the first serial aircraft began.
The high flight performance of the Tu-160 has been confirmed by a number of world records, including flight duration and maximum range. In total, 44 world records were set on the Tu-160.
Tu-160M is a deeply modernized strategic missile carrier. The first experimental Tu-160M was created as part of a large-scale program for the modernization of combat aircraft systems for strategic and long-range aviation.