The IL-76MD-90A airplane has been derived from the design of the production IL-76MD to further improve airplanes of this type and broaden their transportation capabilities through the modernization of their wings and installation of more powerful, efficient, and quiet PS-90A-76 engines instead of D-30KP-2 engines. The IL-76MD-90A is intended for paradropping and the delivery of military personnel, military equipment, goods, fuel, and containers.
Prior versions of heavy military transport aircraft in the IL-76 family were produced at Tashkent Aircraft Plant. The IL company designed an upgraded version of the IL-76MD-90A with more powerful and efficient engines, new wings, reinforced landing gear, renovated avionics, and flight decks.
Pursuant to a Resolution by the Russian Government, production of the new version was assigned to Aviastar-SP aircraft company, which started preparations for their production capacity in 2009.
The roll-out of the first airplane took place in December 2011, and the first flight of IL-76MD-90A was completed on September 22, 2012. The airplane was piloted by a crew captained by Honored Test Pilot of the Russian Federation, Hero of Russia Nikolay Kuimov.
The contract for the delivery of 39 IL-76MD-90A airplanes between PJSC UAC and the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation was signed the same year. The first of the airplanes was handed over to the customer in 2014.
A tanker aircraft and an aircraft with a long-range radar detection and control system were also developed based on the new IL-76 version.
Modified IL-76MD-90A airplanes meet the noise requirements of Chapter 4 of ICAO Annex 16, as well as effective emissions standards. This, along with RNP-1’s flight navigation capability, has enabled expansion of the IL-76MD-90A’s area of operations, both in domestic and international airlines.
The flight crew compartment and airborne equipment have been completely modernized. Up-to-date flight control and navigation equipment is used in the airplane. Six multi-function digital displays are arranged on the instrument panel, which display all the information required to control the aircraft. The flight navigator’s station is equipped with a multi-function display that provides aeronautical information. Thus, a so called “glass cockpit” concept is implemented in the airplane, which reduces the crew’s workload and increases flight safety level.
All airplane modernization work, from initial designing to the manufacture of a flight model, was performed in digital format using up-to-date computer systems. All of the design and manufacturing process documentation for the product has been completely digitalized and is compatible with modern digital technology when used in production.
|Wing span, m||50.5|
|Wing area, m²||300|
|Fuselage diameter, m||04.авг|
|Power generator characteristics|
|Engines, number x type||4 x bypass turbofan engine|
|Engine model, kgf||PS-90A-76|
|Maximum thrust (ISA, H=0), kgf||16|
|Cruise speed, km/h||750–800|
|Flight altitude, m||9,100–12,100|
|Range with 52 t payload, km||5|
|Takeoff run, m||1,54|
|Landing roll, m||960|