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Bе-200
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Be-200

Бе-200
Development: Beriev Aircraft Company
Maiden flight: 1998

The baseline design of Be-200 amphibious aircraft is intended for aerial wildfire-fighting using water or fire-extinguishing liquids. This includes the following objectives:

Stopping the spread, and containment, of moderate and large forest fires by creating a barrier with multiple drops of an extinguishing fluid at the edge of the fire;

The elimination of small and newly-started forest fires; the delivery of firefighting teams and equipment to disaster areas with landing on a preselected water surface or airfield, and subsequent extraction.

Additionally, the airplane can perform:

  • passenger transportation;
  • search-and-rescue work;
  • environmental monitoring;
  • patrolling of exclusive economic zones and sea boundaries.

The Be-200 can be reequipped into the following versions quickly and with minimum cost:

  • transport airplane;
  • passenger airplane (Be-210);
  • search-and-rescue airplane;
  • medical evacuation airplane.

All firefighting capabilities are retained. Work on a business-version design are underway.
The Be-200 can operate from Class B airfields with a runway length of 1,800 m and from a water surface at least 2,300 m long with a water body depth of at least 2.5 m. The airplane can take off and land on water with a wave height of up to 1.3 m, and special anti-corrosion treatments enable operation of this airplane in maritime conditions.

In areas with underdeveloped ground infrastructure, the Be-200 may be deployed on a 130 x 70 m paved area equipped with a slipway. The Be-200’s detailed design was completed with consideration of FAR-25 airworthiness standards (USA), which will facilitate certification of the airplane in accordance with FAA and JAA standards.

The Be-200ES-E is fitted to the requirements of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations, and is intended for the following main applications:

  • Fire suppression;
  • Delivery of search-and-rescue teams, required equipment and essential goods to disaster areas, with landing at the nearest airfield or water body;
  • Evacuation of survivors from disaster zones, search and location of ships and vessels suffering distress;
  • Finding the precise coordinates of disaster spots;
  • Classification of the detected objects, both visually and with the use of on-board equipment;
  • Carriage of fire teams and goods.

There is currently no maintenance interval set for the airplane and it is maintained as condition requires. Its assigned service life is 30 years.

The Be-200 can hold up to 12 tons of water. The airplane can be filled with water at an airfield using a hydrant system, or it can scoop water while skimming the water surface and fill its tanks in 14 seconds. The airplane is fitted with tanks for chemical liquids with a total capacity of 1.2 m3.  Water can be dropped in a single salvo, or in consecutive drops by opening the water tank doors in sequence.

Thanks to its high speed, the Be-200 offers high fire-suppression capacity in terms of the number of water drops per hour. With an airfield-fire distance of 100 km and airfield-water body distance of 10 km, the airplane can drop up to 270 tons of water on the fire. The high rate of climb is a significant advantage when it comes to fire suppression in a narrow space, for example, in mountainous areas, or when scooping/dropping water in areas with obstacles present.

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